The concept of biodiversity is actually extremely broad and in it are different types of biological organization that include plants , animals and microorganisms which inhabit a certain region, have genetic variability and belong to a specific type of ecosystem .


What is biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the variability that exists between the different organisms that make up the flora and fauna of a place, including all terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems . It is the diversity that exists between each species and ecosystem.

  • features
  • Types
  • Regional biodiversity
  • Food biodiversity
  • Aesthetic biodiversity
  • Marine biodiversity
  • Biodiversity development
  • As measured
  • Danger
  • World biodiversity day
  • Importance
  • Examples


Among its main characteristics the following can be mentioned:

  • The term includes all living beings that inhabit planet Earth as well as the relationships they establish with each other.
  • It is under threat due to different human activities.
  • It arose as a result of many years of evolution in living beings.
  • There is diversity of both species and ecosystems and genetics .
  • It includes both the organisms that inhabit a place and its ecosystems.


There are three basic types of biodiversity which are:

  • Genetic biodiversity : it is the variation that the genes of living beings have, in other words, it refers to the information of the hereditary material that is transmitted from one living being to another and from generation to generation. It is a term that is related to the evolution of species and genetic codes .
  • Biodiversity of species : refers to the different types of animal and plant species that exist on the planet in order to classify, group and study them.
  • Biodiversity of ecosystems : are the relationships that can occur between organisms that are part of the same ecosystem .

Regional biodiversity

The general biodiversity is all that type of ecosystem , plants and animals that are inhabiting a certain region in the world. There are many types of them because practically every place in the world has its own regional biodiversity and they all have ecosystems of great importance for human and wildlife life.

Food biodiversity

Food biodiversity includes the entire group of animals and plants that can be used for human consumption , by this we mean food, fuel and even fibers. In this group we also find microorganisms capable of maintaining soil fertility , pollinate plants and purify the air. Experts have mentioned the importance of being able to maintain biodiversity in a sustainable way to be able to face the challenges caused by climate change in order to continue producing food that does not harm the environment.

Aesthetic biodiversity

Aesthetic biodiversity is the way you seek to get closer to everything that is related to nature from an observation and contemplation point of view . All human beings manifest attraction towards the beautiful things that nature has to offer and it is seen by many as a type of artistic expression . In the field of aesthetics, biodiversity has the ability to satisfy the spirit and general tranquility and peace .

Marine biodiversity

This term refers to the great variety of marine species and living beings that can be found in this environment, which also includes microscopic and macroscopic species . It is important to remember that the ocean is considered one of the main reserves of biodiversity in the world. Marine biodiversity helps maintain the health of the planet and at the same time improves social well-being . A great variety of species can be found in the seas, many of them in danger of extinction due to climate change, the practice of trawling, invasive species and pollution.

Biodiversity development

The development of biodiversity will depend mainly on the selection and use of policies and actions that protect it, which at the same time implies the ability to decide and choose options that help its growth and strengthening . The adoption of different options that help to maintain a sustainable development that keeps biodiversity intact and that at the same time manages to improve and increase human progress are fundamental for its proper development.

As measured

Biodiversity can be measured depending on the amount of information that is had about the resources of a certain place. Three different aspects are used to measure it, these are:

  • Wealth : refers to the quantity or number of elements that exist in a place. This includes the number of species, the number of habitats that exist, and the environmental units that are present in a given area.
  • Relative abundance : this is the incidence that each of the components of the ecosystem of a place has in relation to others.
  • Differentiation : refers to the different elements and their genetics and taxonomy, as well as their functionality.


Currently, biodiversity is in grave danger and their main threat is the activity performed by humans . Many of these activities have a negative impact on the environment and consequently on biodiversity. Due to these activities, there is a risk that biodiversity suffers from alterations, high levels of contamination , overexploitation of natural resources and a negative climate change is also generated .

World biodiversity day

Every May 22, Biodiversity Day is celebrated worldwide , a date established by the United Nations General Assembly , a celebration that has been held since 2000. A day for people to become aware of the importance of biodiversity .


Biodiversity is of utmost importance because it is responsible for ensuring the proper balance that exists between the different types of ecosystems that exist in the world. In addition, the human being completely depends on it, which is why it is considered essential for survival . It is the means by which economic development , medicines and food are obtained .


Biodiversity in Colombia

The country ranks third in number of living species and its biodiversity is unique. It contains more than 300 ecosystems in things. 59 protected area and has the largest amount of moorland in the world. Its flora ranges between 40,000 and 45,000 species and in its ranges and mountains you can find more than 450 species of mammals .

In Mexico

It has ecological parks , reserves , sanctuaries and natural monuments which makes it very rich in diversity. They have around 10% of the total flora and fauna on the planet and it is considered a megadiverse country thanks to its geographical position , climates and topography .

In Spain

It has 80% plants and 50% animal species on the continent, which makes it have a very wide biodiversity that includes birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Many of these plants are autochthonous and others endemic and have animals that only inhabit the country. It has large mountainous areas, different climates and habitats that make it diverse in terms of diversity.

In Argentina

Argentina is one of the countries with a high risk of losing its biodiversity as many of its species are in danger of extinction due to human overpopulation , unsustainable agriculture , the climate crisis and high levels of pollution .

Biodiversity in Chile

This country, due to its geographical position , the climate and the low amount of rainfall has a low level of biodiversity compared to other countries on the continent. Due to its location it does have several completely endemic species .

In Venezuela

A very rich country in terms of animal and plant life thanks to its geographical location , the mountain ranges and the influence of the oceans . They have a great variety of plants such as ferns and orchids and some 1,200 species of animals, fish, amphibians and birds.

In Peru

Peru has a wide genetic diversity in terms of plants and animals, many of them are native. It is quite complex mainly due to the climate and the type of relief and is considered a megadiverse country in mammalian species, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish.

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