Regarded as one of the sports most ancient and one of the most popular today. Also known as a ball , baseball is a highly skilled type of competitive sport played with one hard ball and one bat between two teams consisting of nine players each. It is seen as a national sport of Cuba and the United States , since its tradition and popularity are very important, but it is also played in many parts of the world by people of all ages.


What is baseball?

Baseball is a sport that has been classified as bat and field , in which there is no relationship between the teams that participate in the game and whose objective is to go more races than the opposing team nine times.


What is baseball


Baseball is a game that uses a bat , a ball, and gloves between two teams of nine players each on a field with four white bases arranged in a diamond shape . Teams alternate positions and swap places , batting players attempting to hit the ball out of reach of the fielding team and pass a full circle around the bases for a ” run .” The team that scores the most runs in nine innings wins the game.


The main characteristics of baseball are the following:

  • The goal of each team is to win by scoring more runs .
  • Each team has nine players .
  • The match is led by a coach or coach .
  • The gloves used are known as baseball mitts.
  • Nine innings are played in a baseball game .
  • The distance from the bases must be 90 feet .
  • There are no specific characteristics in the players.

Who invented it

Although the exact origin of the game is not known, most experts agree that baseball was born from the union of several similar games. It is also believed that it was Abner Doubleday , an official of the Union in the Civil War the United States was who invented baseball in Cooperstown , New York in 1839.

How to play

The game is played on a field covered with grass , except line the corridor and known as area diamond . The objective of the game is to be able to hit the ball with the bat and then move along the inner field of dirt to look for the greatest number of bases until you can go around the plate to score a run . The team that achieves the most runs during the innings is the winner

Baseball basics

Some of the fundamentals of baseball are as follows:

  • The shot tells us that the shoulders must be in line and in the direction of the target.
  • The ball must be caught in the glove and in both hands.
  • A game is played over 9 innings and these consist of one round of batting and one round of defense by the team.
  • The home team always starts defending .
  • A run is achieved when the runner manages to hit 1st, 2nd and 3rd base, reaching home last without being eliminated.
  • A match cannot end in a draw , if after nine innings the score remains the same, it must continue playing until one of the two obtains the victory.
  • If the defending team manages to eliminate three attackers, they obtain the right to be an attacker and vice versa


The rules are simple, because basically the ball must be hit as hard as possible, some of them are the following:

  • The home team begins by playing defense .
  • If a batter misses the ball, a strike is made . If he accumulates three strikes, he is out . He must return to the bench ( dogout ) and another player bats.
  • With three players on offense out , the team’s offensive turn ends.
  • If the batter does not hit the ball can do launch a strike.
  • If the batter accumulates four balls , he can go to first base and become a runner.
  • If on hitting the ball, and it lands in the foul zone , the play is invalid . The first two times this happens, it is counted as a strike .
  • If a defensive player catches the ball before it touches the ground, the batter is out .
  • If the batter hits the ball and lands in the fair zone , he becomes a runner so he has to put down the bat and try to get to first base.
  • An offensive runner is out if he is not touching a base and a defensive player touches him with the ball.
  • If the runner has to move to a base , and a defensive player has the ball and steps on that base, the runner is out.
  • If the batter hits the ball and defensive player of the traps before touching the ground, will be out.
  • If the batter hits the ball and it comes out of the field above the fence it is at the end of the same, in the fair area, enacts home run or quadrangular .


The baseball positions are:

  • The pitcher, who stands in the center of the diamond to launch the ball from a slightly elevated area called a mound.
  • The catcher or catcher who stands behind the plate and receives the pitches that the batter misses.
  • One player at each base in either first, second, and third base.
  • Between the second and third base called an additional player is placed shortstop or shortstop .
  • Outfielders or outfielders who are placed in the outfield zone and who are designated as left, center and right, seen from the perspective of the batter, or the catcher.


The following are the most common categories of baseball

  • Infant A:  9-10-11 years
  • Infant AA:  12-13 years
  • Youth A:  14-15 years
  • Youth AA:  15-16 years
  • Youth AAA:  17-18 years old
  • Senior A:  18-23 years
  • Senior AA:  18-39 years


Some of the most important techniques to consider when playing baseball are:

  • Do not force yourself into batting position , the right foot should point toward first base and the left foot toward shortstop.
  • The separation of the legs should be normal, no more than that of the shoulders and you should try to load the weight on the right leg.
  • The knees slightly bent and back straight .
  • The bat is held at the level of the right shoulder .
  • The face must face the pitcher .
  • The defensive players should endeavor to “eliminations” for the opposing team does not race.

Baseball field

The field must be covered with grass and the diamond is delimited without grass , it is marked with a line drawn in lime . In the corner where the batter stands there should be a pentagonal plate called the home plate . Padded boxes called bases are placed in the other corners , which are numbered counterclockwise, ranging from the first to the third.

The diamond line from home plate to first base, and from home plate to third base, extends 320 feet from home plate, giving additional space behind the bases. This space is called the outfield , while the area of ​​the diamond is called the infield .


The baseball has an outline of approximately 23 centimeters and weighs 142 grams . The center of the ball is made of cork , rubber , or a mixture of both and can be multi-layered. A leather cover sewn together in 108 seams of red waxed cotton thread is placed on it.


Professional players have shoes for every position they play in. The glove is one of the most important and expensive accessories and can be found in different models , depending on the position the player occupies.

The weight and size of the bats must be consistent with the physical build of each player in order to provide mobility and direction . The uniform is basically a shirt , pants , sweatshirt and jacket . It may also be that the players use personal protection implements, such as the protective mask , the bib or bib , the leg or shin guards , and the classic genital protector .

Famous players

Some of the most famous players in baseball are:

  • Babe Ruth (1914 – 1935)
  • Ted Williams (1939-1960)
  • Mickey Mantle (1951-1968)
  • Hank Aaron (1954-1976)
  • Barry Bonds (1986-2007)
  • Miguel Cabrera. Detroit Tigers. Third base.
  • Justin Verlander. Detroit Tigers. Right opener.
  • Clayton Kershaw. Los Angeles Dodgers. Left-handed opener.
  • Buster Posey. San Francisco Giants. Receiver.
  • Felix Hernandez. Seattle Mariners. Right opener.

Curiosities about baseball

Baseball has many curiosities in its games, some of them are:

  • The smallest player in the world was Eddie Gaedel, who was a little over a meter tall and weighed 65 pounds, and was recognized as the “Smallest Player in Major League Baseball.”
  • The oldest player in the majors was Leroy “Satchel” Paige played for the Kansas City Athletics at 59 years and 80 days.
  • The first Latino to play in the Major Leagues was Luis Castro, a Colombian who played for the Philadelphia Athletics.
  • National League infielder Ron Hunt was hit 243 times by a ball.

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