Baruch Spinoza was a great philosopher, who fully exposed his critical and rational thinking to the public , to the point of being Jewish from the cradle, evaluating the Bible and criticizing some of its aspects, being because of this exiled by the rabbis , since for the time, the knowledge that he explained regarding a God that was not recognized, was considered an aberration .
- When was he born: 11/24/1632
- Where he was born: Amsterdam, Netherlands
- When he died: 02/21/1677
- Where he died: The Hague, Netherlands
Who was Baruch Spinoza?
Also known as Benedict, Benedict or Benito de Espinoza , Baruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardic origin , that is, Hispanic Portuguese, he was an erratic critic of what Cartesianism was for the time , which was an intellectual movement raised mainly by Descartes and was one of the most relevant rationalists for the time.
- Biography of Baruch Spinoza
- God according to Baruch Spinoza
- Baruch Spinoza Quotes
- Importance of Baruch Spinoza
Biography of Baruch Spinoza
The Netherlands of Amsterdam were the ones that saw Baruch Spinoza born , on November 24, 1632 , being received into a distinctly Jewish family that fled from the persecution of Portugal, he studied Technology and Commerce, thanks to the great influence they had characters like Descartes and Hobbes in it, he moved away from orthodox Judaism and religion for him began to be highly variant, it could be said that even irrelevant; in such a way that he made a rationalistic criticism of the biblewhich had as a consequence that Spinoza was excommunicated and harassed by the rabbis in the year 1656 , for which he moved to the outskirts of Amsterdam as a lens polisher.
In the beginning Spinoza was a man of radical thinking, however, when he moved away from religiosity he began to have rational and critical thinking , not only with respect to the environment, but also with regard to people and other things.
One of the most relevant theories of Spinoza is that there is no specific God but that everything is the sum of its parts and has a spiritual value , coupled with it, it focuses on what is the passions against reason centralized in the day by day for the time of the human being, how by many attitudes opportunities are lost and evolution is degrading.
One of the most relevant contributions of Baruch Spinoza is his theory of passions versus reason , not only because it explains various religious spheres, but also because it also shows a side of the human being never before exposed to society.
God according to Baruch Spinoza
For Baruch there was no specific God , but rather he was represented in all places and at all times, it was a mixture of everything that manifested in the environment, nature, phenomena and other eventualities , they represented a single God for Baruch Spinoza.
Some of the most relevant and outstanding works of Baruch Spinoza are the following:
- Ethical demonstrated according to the geometric order
- Treaty on the reform of the understanding
- Principles of the philosophy of Descartes
- Treatise on God, man and their happiness
- Political theological treatise
- The man and his happiness.
- Ethics on amendments.
- Compendium of grammar of the Hebrew language.
Baruch Spinoza Quotes
The main phrases of Baruch Spinoza are:
- If, according to what the apostle says in 2 Corinthians, 3.3, they have in themselves the letter of God, not written in ink, but with the spirit of God, and not on stone tablets, but on tablets meat of the heart, that they stop worshiping the letter and worrying so much about it.
- The natural right of each man is not determined, then, by sound reason, but by desire and power.
- If it were as easy to rule over souls (animus) as over languages, everyone would reign with security and no State would be violent, since everyone would live according to the opinion of those who rule and only according to their decision would they judge what is true or false , good or bad, fair or wicked.
- By law and institution of nature I do not understand anything other than the rules of nature of each individual, according to which we conceive that each being is naturally determined to exist and act in a precise way.
- Those who stand out most for their imagination have less aptitude for purely intellectual knowledge.
- Everything we do must tend towards progress and improvement.
- The more simultaneously concurrent causes arouse an affect, the greater is it.
- The greatest of all imperfections is not existing.
- In any case, it is not the weapons that overcome the spirits, but love and generosity.
- Sin cannot be conceived in a natural state, but only in a civil state , where what is good or bad is decreed by common consent.
- And of all the ideas that each one has, we make a whole or, what is the same, an entity of reason, which we call understanding.
- I also know that it is as impossible for the common people to free themselves from superstition as from fear.
- Freedom of judgment must be granted , since it is a virtue and cannot be oppressed.
- Men are generally of such a character that they bear nothing with less patience than to hold opinions which they believe to be true as a crime.
- The most important activity that a human being can achieve is to learn to understand, because to understand is to be free.
- The cause that gives rise, that preserves and that fosters superstition is, then, fear.
- I have carefully taken care not to mock human actions, not deplore them, nor detest them, but understand them.
- He who regrets what he has done is doubly miserable.
Importance of Baruch Spinoza
He was one of the most relevant philosophers for his time , and one of the 3 main rationalists, his contributions are still being implemented for what is the study of human behavior and the reason for the knowledge that they are gradually acquiring throughout throughout their development as individuals.