Writer , journalist , statesman , an important military man and historian , who was in charge of fighting for the national unity of his country. Considered as one of the main personalities in the political and intellectual field of Argentina during the second half of the 19th century, Bartolomé Miter left his mark in the military and political field, participating in different conflicts and even occupying the position of president of the nation.
- When was he born: 06/26/1821
- Where he was born: Buenos Aires, Argentina
- When he died: 01/19/1906
- Where he died: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Who was Bartolomé Miter?
Bartolomé Miter was one of the organizers of the Argentine nation , he was the second constitutional president of Argentina and a contributor to important newspapers of his time, an important writer , journalist and historian .
- What did
- Biography of Bartolomé Miter
- Physical characteristics of Bartolomé Miter
- Relationships of Bartolomé Miter
- Quotes by Bartolomé Miter
Bartolomé Miter was in charge of leading the Buenos Aires opposition against Justo José de Urquiza, through the Argentine Confederation . He was one of the founders of what is now the State of Buenos Aires and was known for being a military genius , who although he lost many battles, knew how to save thousands of his men from safe extermination. He became the first president of the reunified Argentine Republic and fought for unity using peaceful means. He consolidated the different institutions that existed and also formed the first Supreme Court of Justice that the nation had.
He also founded the prestigious newspaper La Nación , one of the most important and recognized media of the time. The radical party was one of his creations and also constituted in 1980, the well-known Civic Union supporting the Revolution of the Park.
Biography of Bartolomé Miter
Bartolomé Miter was born on June 26, 1821 , in the City of Buenos Aires . In 1827 his family moved to Carmen de Patagones , where his father worked as treasurer of the fort that he guarded. In 1829 his father sent him with his friend, Gervasio Rosas , brother of the later Buenos Aires dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas , to learn about the field , however he was returned to his family because he did not do the field tasks well. Since he was a child he was inclined to reading and writing , which marked with fire what would later become his life.
From 1831 he lived in Uruguay where he graduated from the Montevideo Military School , in 1839, with the rank of second lieutenant of artillery. He joined the ranks of the Colorado side, in the civil struggles against the White Party , in the Eastern State. This also led him to support the unitary cause, which was battling against the Rosario regime , in Buenos Aires. At that time his first poems and journalistic publications were written .
Later he went to Bolivia , and later to Chile , where he met Juan Bautista Alberdi . Together they wrote for the newspaper El Comercio , in Valparaíso and wrote in El Progreso , in Santiago de Chile, under the direction of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento .
Bartolomé Miter became the first president of the reunified Republic of Argentina on October 12 , 1862 and during his presidency he was in charge of the unification of the country. Many of his efforts in favor of unity were achieved using peaceful means and he managed to form the first Supreme Court of Justice that the nation had and the functioning of the country’s Judicial Power was regulated . During his presidency they drew up the civil code and the Commercial Code of the State of Buenos Aires was nationalized. The construction of the railway begandel Sur and Central Argentino, sanctioned the Customs Law raising the country’s revenues enormously, and also took charge of public education by founding schools in various parts of the country.
During his presidency the country also faced a war against Paraguay , whom they faced by forming an alliance with Brazil and Uruguay, known as the Triple Alliance . He also faced different armed uprisings in the internal part of the country.
A month before he fell ill, Dr. Piñero visited him as usual. The doctor observed that he was not in good health and recommended that he stop working so late, that he digestion well . The story goes that the general looked at him and with a smile full of melancholy, he replied: -See, my friend, if I no longer work. What I am doing are some notes, some letters, last minute jobs, because I feel bad and I understand that my end is approaching. On January 19, 1906 , Bartolomé Miter died in the city of Buenos Aires . He passed away when he was 84 years old due to a gastrointestinal illness .
Bartolomé Miter was a highly intellectual person who left his mark in the political and military sphere . He had a multiple personality , full of action and at the same time concord and was interested in building a policy full of morals . A dreamer and a fighter without fatigue, he managed to penetrate into his entrails the realities that lived in his country. A fervent researcher exalting life is considered his personality was linked to the development institutional and spiritual of the country.
Physical characteristics of Bartolomé Miter
The physical characteristics of Bartolomé Miter are few, but it is believed that his height was average , his straight hair and long beard a little gray. His little eyes and black and snub nose a little.
Miter was the son of Ambrosio Estanislao de la Concepción Miter who descended from the Greek Venetian Ventura Demetrio Mitropoulus, who had arrived in Buenos Aires at the end of the 17th century, and Josefa Martínez Whertherton .
Relationships of Bartolomé Miter
Bartolomé Miter got married on January 11, 1841 in the Metropolitan Cathedral of Montevideo with Delfina María Luisa de Vedia Pérez and with her he had six children.
Their children went:
- Delfina Josefa Ambrosia Miter and Vedia
- Bartolomé Nicolás Manuel Miter and Vedia
- Josefina Benita Miter and Vedia
- Jorge Mariano Miter and Vedia
- Emilio Edelmiro Miter and Vedia
- Adolfo Emiliano Mauricio Miter and Vedia
Bartolomé Miter is of great importance because he is considered one of the builders of modern Argentina that lives today. He fought for the existence of national unity in Argentina. He is also one of the most important historians that existed during the nineteenth century, many of his works are very important pillars in the history of Argentina and have been able to provide much information on historical events.
Among his main works we can mention the following:
- The Australia Argentina : journalistic excursion to the Patagonian coast, Land of Fire and Staten Island / Robert J. Payró; with a letter-prologue from General Bartolomé Miter.
- Sarmiento-Miter : correspondence 1846-1868 / Domingo Faustino Sarmiento.
- Soledad : original novel / Bartolomé Miter.
- Journey to the Río de la Plata : (1534-1554) / Ulrich Schmídel; bibliographical and biographical notes by Lieutenant General Don Bartolomé Miter; prologue, translations and annotations by Samuel Alejandro Lafone Quevedo.
- History of Belgrade and the Argentine Independence .
- History of San Martín and the South American emancipation .
Quotes by Bartolomé Miter
Some of the most recognized phrases of Bartolomé Miter worldwide are the following:
- He lay down on his bed, and fell asleep peacefully, with the dream not of the righteous but of the selfish .
- Goodbye! Never forget me , and that friendly star always tells your mind that I am thinking of you …
- There are two beautiful moments in life when one is separated from a person who hates and time again to join with another person wants.
- The great men for themselves, who do not traffic in glory , for whom the command is a duty, the fight a noble task , and the sacrifice a true religion .
- Clara, beautiful and perfumed, it was a serene afternoon , one of those afternoons in which the sky shows all its finery, in which the breeze and the flower speak to us with a secret voice , in which the beautiful inspire, in which the poet meditates , in which the infamous hides, in which the people recreate .
Some of his most important recognitions were the following:
- Pen of Honor Award , one of the main awards from the Academy of Journalism.
- ABC Awards Cavia , Luca de Tena and Mingote.
- Recognition by ADEPA (Association of Argentine Journalistic Entities).