The badminton is considered sport racket highest rate in the world. Played with slim rackets and a shuttlecock made from a ball and a cork wrapped in goose feathers , it can make a player who hits the shuttle fly at speeds of up to 200 miles per hour.


What is badminton?

Badminton is a sport that is practiced using a racket in which two players face each other either individually or in pairs . The players or pairs stand on opposite halves of a rectangular court divided by a net.


What is badminton


Badminton is a racket sport where two players face each other either in singles or singles, or in pairs or doubles . Players must stand on opposite halves of a rectangular court which is separated by a net . This sport does not use a ball, but uses a projectile that is known as a shuttlecock or a feather.

The players must hit the shuttlecock with their rackets, making it cross the court over the net and trying to make it land in the opponent’s sector . The point is achieved when the feather touches the ground , and can only be hit once before passing the net.


The origin of its name was given in honor of the estate of the Dukes of Beaufort in Gloucestershire, England , where it was first played around 1873. The roots of this sport go back to ancient Greece , China and India , and It is closely related to the old children’s game battledore and shuttlecock. Badminton is derived directly from Poona , which was played by British Army officers stationed in India in the 1860s. The first unofficial men’s badminton championships throughout England they were held in 1899, and the first women’s badminton tournament was organized the following year.

Who Invented Badminton

It is not known with certainty who invented it but it is known that it may have been born in India , where it received the name Poona . Some officers in the British Army saw it and took it to England around 1873 where the Duke of Beaufort became interested in the game.

How to play

Badminton is played using a racket , similar to tennis , but instead of hitting a ball, you hit the shuttlecock , which is a cone-shaped object surrounded by 16 feathers. The purpose of this game is to throw the shuttlecock to the side where the opponent is to score a point by making it touch the ground.


The technical fundamentals of badminton are as follows:

  • Handle that can be right or backhand.
  • Basic position with feet at the same height shoulder width apart, knees slightly bent, trunk bent forward and racket at shoulder height.
  • Service that can be high and deep, straight, fast, or low and short.
  • Basic and fundamental blows , offensive , defensive


The basic rules of the game are as follows:

  • It is played with a racket and shuttlecock .
  • The court must be rectangular and be divided in the middle by a net . In singles the court is used without the side aisles and in doubles the entire court is used.
  • The service must be taken diagonally behind the service line and is valid if it crosses the service line of the opposing court.
  • On the serve we must hit the shuttle below the height of our hips ; it is missing if it hits overhead .
  • Matches are played to the best of three sets.
  • To win the match you have to win two sets.
  • The men’s singles and doubles matches are played at 15 points , the women’s singles and doubles and mixed doubles are played at 11 points .


  • Category Sub 11: 10 years.
  • Category Sub 13: 12 years.
  • Sub 15 Category: 14 years old.
  • Category Sub 17: 16 years old.
  • Sub 19 Category: 18 years old.
  • Absolute Category: All ages.
  • Senior Category: it is subdivided into:
    • Senior A: 30 to 34 years
    • Senior B: B1 from 35 to 39 years old and B2 from 45 to 49 years old
    • Senior C: C1 from 50 to 54 years old and C2 from 55 to 59 years old
    • Senior D: 60 to 64 years
    • Super senior: 65 to 69 years
    • Super senior plus: 70 years and older

Badminton competitions

Some of the most famous badminton competitions worldwide are:

  • Badminton World Grand Prix
  • Uber Cup
  • Sudirman Cup
  • National Open Championship Mexico
  • Badminton at the Olympics
  • International Badminton Tournament of Spain
  • Cup European Badminton


The techniques necessary for the sport are the following:

  • The grips : they can be backhand to make basic strokes or righthand grip that is used to make hits when the shuttle is at the player’s level.
  • The rudeness : it is a long step that is done with the dominant leg.
  • Backhand serve : the shuttle must travel diagonally to the opposite box and pass just over the net.
  • Right High Serve – Goes to the opponent’s back and lands vertically.
  • Clear forehand over the head : they go from the back of the court towards that of the opponent.

Take out

Servings in badminton can be of two types:

  • Long badminton serve : performed with the movement of the racket from back to front, making the angle of movement at the lower part of the waist. You hold the steering wheel with your head and the blow will propel you in the right direction.
  • Backhand serve: the serve is made by hitting the other side of the racket and with the back of the hand forward.

The serve is considered done, when the shuttlecock is hit by the server’s racket or when when trying to serve , the shuttle falls to the ground .


Badminton has different hitting techniques that can be performed forehand or backhand . It is recommended when you are in the baseline area , hitting with the right . The backhand is more complicated and requires greater technical conditions and is not highly recommended for beginners.

One of the most effective blows is the blow at the net which aims to use the net to make it difficult for the opponent to catch. Beats half court are shots where the player jumps to connect with greater force the steering wheel. In the case of the serve , a variety of possible hits are presented and they can be short , long or tense serves .

Badminton court

The badminton court is made up of the court , the net and the posts . When individual games are played , the court must be rectangular , measuring 13.30 meters long and 5.18 meters wide . In doubles matches, the court is the same length, 6.10 meters wide. The ceiling height may vary between 7 and 12 meters. The track must be delimited by lines 4 centimeters wide, which can be white or yellow .

There should be one meter of free space around the track  The height of the posts is one and a half meters and they must be stable to support the net . The net is a mesh made of thin ropes or synthetic fibers and must be the same width as the field.


It is important to know the proper equipment to play badminton. The rackets must be light and their weight varies between 70 and 100 grams. They are made of carbon fiber that makes them resistant for their weight and gives them an excellent transmission of kinetic energy . The most widely used model is the one with the head in an isometric shape .

The shuttlecock or pen is another part of the team and is used like a ball . Its shape is conical and is made up of 16 feathers, inserted around a cork base that is covered with leather . The regulation badminton footwear are rubber-soled shoes with a small lateral support.

The shoes badminton must be quite light , with rubber or other material having grip and also has a high lateral support .

Famous players

Some of the most famous players in this sport are the following:

  • Wong Peng Soon originally from Singapore.
  • Carolina Marín who is a Spanish female individual badminton player and has been a two-time world champion.
  • Pablo Abián eleven times champion of Spain Absolute.
  • Danish-born Peter Gade considered the most charismatic in world badminton.

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