Asynchronous communication


There are many types of communication with which two or more individuals can convey messages clearly and effectively. One of these types corresponds to asynchronous communication , in which a personal interaction does not need to occur at the same time. It is important to mention that the term asynchrony refers to different times , in this way, we can say that it is a means of communication that is written or said at a time but is read or listened to at a different time.

What is asynchronous communication?

Asynchronous communication is one that does not need an interaction at the same time so that the communication process can take place since it happens at different times without interrupting the message using a medium or an instrument to carry out the process.

  • What does it consist of
  • What is asynchronous communication for?
  • Asynchronous communication characteristics
  • Story
  • Elements of asynchronous communication
  • Media
  • objective
  • Process
  • Advantage
  • Disadvantages
  • Importance of asynchronous communication
  • Examples

What does it consist of

This type of communication consists of a process by means of which a specific message between two or more individuals is sent at different times, causing a temporal coincidence not to occur . In other words, it consists of sending specific information which will not be received at the exact moment it is sent, but rather with some delay.


What is asynchronous communication for?

Asynchronous communication helps us to establish the communication process through different means between two or more people without it occurring simultaneously.

Asynchronous communication characteristics

Asynchronous communication is mainly characterized by the distance that exists between the sender and the receiver, since both can be located in distant places and still maintain a good communication process . It is also very versatile since it does not need the participants to be in the same place and at the same time. The messages will always be separated by certain periods of time .

It does not have any type of linguistic features and for this reason it is also characterized by the use of symbols , emoticons or the use of capital letters . It is widely used in companies, universities and businesses. Finally, you do not need the people related to the information to be available at the same time, as a conversation can start, stop and start over as soon as both parties have access to the information.


The history of asynchronous communication was born basically from the beginning of communication as many ancient settlers took it upon themselves to leave their written messages so that others could see them later. With the arrival of technology and the internet , this type of communication became more effective, reaching what we know today, as it is one of the most used ways of communicating.

Elements of asynchronous communication

There are several elements that are needed for asynchronous communication to occur, these are the following:

  • Sender : as we well know, it is the person who is in charge of sending the message and, when we refer to synchronous communication , the sender is the one in charge of issuing the information, knowing in advance that the response from the receiver will not arrive immediately. .
  • Receiver : is the person who is in charge of receiving the information or the message and in this type of communication will be the one who reads the message when they have the possibility of accessing the means by which the message has been sent.
  • Channel : the channel is the medium through which the message can be sent or transmitted. This channel must always have the ability to remain intact over time so that in this way all the information, in addition to being well stored indefinitely.
  • Code : in this case, the code must be able to last over time and is used by the sender and receiver to make the communication process possible. In addition, it must have some type of physical support so that the information can be well transmitted in this way.
  • Situation : it is the basis of communication since it refers to the circumstance that causes a certain message to be sent. With asynchronous communication, there must be availability in the situation for the communication process to take place properly.


The main means by which asynchronous communication occurs is the internet and it includes a series of applications through which messages can be sent, for example, emails , letters , text messages , discussion forums .


Its main objective will always be to establish an adequate communication process , especially if the sender and receiver are located in remote places, making face-to-face communication impossible. The transmit information between two or more persons is also an important part of this communication and the power to store information that is sent and received.


The process of asynchronous communication begins when the sender writes a certain message with the information that he needs to send to the receiver . Through some channel or medium , mainly the internet, the message is sent so that, later, the receiver can read it without there being synchrony between the two. Most of the time, the receiver will be responsible for issuing a response which will also arrive at a different time to its receiver.


Among its main advantages we mention the following:

  • It is a very simple means to communicate since it is not necessary that there be a synchronization between the sender and the receiver so that the message can be sent and received.
  • Much of the asynchronous communication occurs through the use of the internet and that makes it more economical and effective .
  • The information that is sent is done quickly which also saves time to communicate.
  • It allows the information that is exchanged by the sender and the receiver to be stored so that it will always be available when it is needed.
  • It gives the person receiving the message the ability to provide more complete answers .


Some disadvantages that we can find in this type of communication are the following:

  • To ensure that communication is effective, you must be consistent and serious in the communication process.
  • It may be difficult to understand well the intention of the person who sends or receives the message because with this type of communication it is not possible to observe the facial expression or the gestures .
  • In the case of audios , the receiver must pay close attention to the inflections of the voice to avoid confusing the information.
  • Both the sender and the receiver must have the ability to master electronic equipment and the use of the Internet .

Importance of asynchronous communication

This type of communication is important because it allows the transmission of messages between individuals who are in different places without the message being interrupted or damaged. It is a means that also gives the person who receives the message the possibility to read , analyze , study and later write the best possible response to the information they have received.

It is an appropriate means to be able to share different doubts, to be able to answer questions or to make proposals to other people and allows us to face the different ways of thinking or feeling that exist in other parts of the world, when cultures are different. It also allows optimizing all ideas and improving communication skills between two or more individuals, establishing a more effective process.


Some examples of asynchronous communication are as follows:

  • Forums on the web
  • Email
  • Blogs
  • Chat on social media
  • Cards

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