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Arturo Frondizi

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Arturo Frondizi was a president of Argentina who, despite having lived under an unjust political solitude , today his important work has been recognized . At present, several tributes are made in his honor, schools and streets bear his name and even politicians quote some of his phrases in their speeches, which at the end reveals the need to have this type of president in power .

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Personal information

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  • When was he born: 10/28/1908
  • Where he was born: Paso de los Libres, Argentina
  • When he died: 04/18/1995
  • Where he died: Buenos Aires, Argentina

Who was Arturo Frondizi?

Arturo Frondizi was a lawyer and statesman of Argentine nationality who held the presidency of Argentina between 1958 and 1962 . A president who managed to promote developmental theories, also becoming one of the most controversial politicians in the country.

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  • What did
  • Biography of Arturo Frondizi
  • Death
  • Political career
  • Presidency of Arturo Frondizi
  • Coup
  • What study
  • Ideology
  • Contributions of Arturo Frondizi
  • Physical characteristics
  • Personality
  • Parents
  • Relations
  • Sons
  • Importance of Arturo Frondizi
  • Acknowledgments
  • Phrases
  • Curiosities

What did

Arturo Frondizi was a president who, in addition to thinking about the future, was able to unite the nation. In the economic field managed to overcome the statist ideas , which had stalled the economic growth of the country for many years, could triple the production of oil , created the contest private capital and strengthened several companies private that were contracted by the state company.

He promoted private investment , established that violence should not be part of the market in economic policy and with this he was able to properly orient investments and the distribution of goods through credit , investments and redistribution .

Biography of Arturo Frondizi

Frondizi was born in Paso de los Libres in the province of Corrientes Argentina one 28 of October 1908 . As a child he learned the trade from his father, masonry and in 1920, he began to play soccer as a defender in the lower categories of Club Almagro . A few years later he suffered a significant injury to one of his arms and for this he had to leave the sport. He was always against the opposition and participated in a demonstration on May 8, 1931 , at which time he was arrested.His brother then presented a habeas corpus, however, it had no effect and he was imprisoned for twenty days in the National Penitentiary .

Death

Arturo Frondizi died on April 18, 1995 when he was admitted to the Italian Hospital in Buenos Aires. The causes of his death were not disclosed as it went practically unnoticed by the country.

Political career

His political career began as one of the radical leaders who opposed unionism. He joined the Radical Civic Union known by its acronym UCR and remained faithful to its democratic principles. In 1945 the ideological reconstruction movement known as the Integration and Renewal Movement was created, which established the ” Declaration of Avellaneda ” to set the guidelines that should be followed. With the triumph in 1946 of General Perón he managed to enter the National Congress and worked as a national deputy for the block of 44. In 1951 , he was nominated for the presidency by the National Conventionof the UCR .

Presidency of Arturo Frondizi

He held the presidency of the country on February 23, 1958 from the hands of General Pedro Eugenio Aramburu. His presidency was characterized mainly by the adoption of developmentalism , which went against the policy of the previous government. He sought a way to eliminate multinational companies by establishing that the State was in charge of promoting industrial development .

It allowed culture to regain importance in the country and the universities adopted new disciplines that included sociology and psychology, and scientific research and sports were increased . It implemented mechanisms to eliminate the trade deficit , tried to allow foreign capital to reside in the country and managed to reach the maximum in foreign investment in the country.

Due to investments, inflation also rose during his government and to combat it, he increased wages by 60% and reduced public spending . With oil exploitation and increased production, it managed to reduce inflation. Several contracts with oil companies in the United States were signed with the aim of achieving self – sufficiency of hydrocarbons to avoid buying them abroad.

There was also little progress in the agricultural sector , in the steel industry and in the field of petrochemicals . The automotive industry grew considerably and industrial promotion took place.

Coup

The coup against Arturo Frondizi took place on March 29, 1962 . This occurred as a result of the deterioration of the relationship that existed between Frondizi with the country’s armed forces and by various parties that belonged to Peronism . The morning of that day, the armed forces managed to enter and arrest Frondizi, then taking him to Martín García Island . With this, they achieved that the Senate was occupied by José María Guido invoking a de facto impeachment and causing the Supreme Court of Justice to take Guido’s oath in a private ceremony.

What study

He studied at the Mariano Moreno National School and at the Risieri School . Before finishing his baccalaureate, he made an attempt to enter the National Military College but had to postpone his idea. As a distinguished student, he was part of the student newspaper known as Stimulen . While he was in school he identified with Yrigoyenismo . In 1927 he managed to enter the Faculty of Law at the University of Buenos Aires from where he managed to graduate in 1930.

Ideology

His ideology was inspired by a developmental model which was oriented mainly to the development of heavy industry . It also had a socio-labor , oil and educational policy .

Contributions of Arturo Frondizi

Among his main contributions are the following:

  • decree of law 4161/56 was created to prohibit Peronism .
  • He created the Center for Experimentation and Launching of Self-Propelled Projectiles .
  • He caused scientific experiments to be resumed by developing the engines with solid propellants.
  • The country’s steel and petrochemical industry improved .
  • It started with several hydroelectric projects to be able to give the country clean energy.
  • The Electrical Services of Greater Buenos Aires was founded to distribute, produce and commercialize electrical energy.
  • He signed the Antarctic treaty to acquire territorial rights over Antarctica.

Physical characteristics

He was quite a thin man , tall , with a fine appearance probably due to his weight. His nose was a bit big and pointed, his ears were medium in size and his forehead was broad mainly because he had no hair on the top of his head, which was otherwise black .

Personality

He had a great intellectual capacity, he was very intelligent and he was pragmatic . He understood well the national and international reality, he knew well the meaning of being a citizen and he defended Human Rights . He was quite a strategic personality , he knew well what he had to do and he was also inclusive.

Parents

His mother was Isabella Ércoli de Frondizi and his father Giulio Frondizi who worked as a bricklayer. His parents had come to the country at the beginning of the year 1890 from Italy.

Relations

Arturo Frondizi married Elena Faggionato on January 5, 1933, a daughter of Italian immigrants from Umbria.

Sons

Their marriage was born an only daughter, Elena , in August of the year 1937 .

Importance of Arturo Frondizi

Arturo Frondizi was an important president because he managed to gradually apply the developmental model in his country, although he was seen as populist, he managed with the plan to exert an important change in the entire field of the country’s economic policy . It managed to considerably improve exports, also limited the industrialization process and released a series of restrictions that had been imposed on imports, favoring the investment of foreign capital, making the economy grow significantly.

Acknowledgments

One was plaque of the President which was unveiled on October 28 of the year 1999 in the plaza of the city of Gubbio in Umbria as a celebration of his birth. Ten years after his death, he was also paid a tribute at the Banco Nación , in front of the Casa Rosada , a place where many of his friends and followers gathered.

The 9 de Julio Sur highway was again named after him on March 6, 2008 with the new name of Autopista Presidente Arturo Frondizi . A stamp was also created in the mail with the slogan “Arturo Frondizi”, a coin minted with his image and finally, on October 28, 2008, a statue was built in his honor in the Paseo de los Libres square.

Phrases

Some of his best known phrases are mentioned below:

  • Without national development there is no well-being or progress .
  • When there is poverty and backwardness in a country, not only does freedom and democracy fall , but national sovereignty is also at risk .
  • The lack of fuel reduces the capacity of industries and discourages the installation of new plants.
  • I will not resign, I will not commit suicide, I will not leave the country .
  • An increase in wealth that the entire population does not take advantage of is not considered a socially appreciable good.
  • We need the armed forces to serve the Nation and not as a praetorian guard for the President of the Republic.

Curiosities

Some curiosities of Arturo Frondizi were the following:

  • He had a meeting with Che Guevara , a symbol of the Cuban revolution.
  • For the year of the Sesquicentennial of the May Revolution , the president organized a great party in which he invited several governors and foreign delegations.

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