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Artificial intelligence

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The artificial intelligence is any intelligence that has been created based on human intelligence, that is, would be a duplicate of this, however, taking away what is emotional intelligence by birth to the human being is is granted.

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What is artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence is that intelligence that is manifested through machines , in computer science it is seen as more than a simple structured intelligence , they are conceived as the ideal help for any human being, a rational, flexible agent and helpful that perceives everything that is carried out in its environment, so that it can carry out actions that speed up the activities of human beings, and therefore, reduce the gross effort that they use

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  • Source
  • History of artificial intelligence
  • Characteristics
  • Applications
  • How does it work
  • Types of artificial intelligence
  • Techniques
  • Advantage
  • Disadvantages
  • Future
  • Consequences of artificial intelligence
  • Examples

Source

It is said that the idea of ​​artificial intelligence is due to the Greeks of the time before Christ , since Aristotle was the first to discover that the mind of the human being worked through certain patterns , to reach reasonable conclusions and rational reasons , due to this finding, it was also postulated that this type of thinking could be duplicated and incorporated into some type of system, so in later years Ctesibio built the first self-controlled machine, this machine had the ability to regulate the flow of water, however, was rational but did not reason in its entirety as the human being managed to do it.

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History of artificial intelligence

The term artificial intelligence was used for the first time in 1956 , when the Dartmouth conference took place , however, by that time, they had already been working repeatedly on what was this type of intelligences and those mechanisms that, for the scholars, it would greatly function for the development and evolution of humanity.

In 1943 Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts designed a prototype of artificial neurons , although this was not very relevant for the time, it is considered one of the first most relevant field works in the development of artificial intelligence , although at that time There was still no basic knowledge on the subject and a term had not been discriminated to categorize that study.

Years later in 1955 Herbert and Newell developed what would become the first programming language , this was unique since it focused specifically on problem solving , a year later the same authors developed another type of intelligence that was capable of prove and solve mathematical theorems.

Currently, artificial intelligence has developed and expanded radically, being one of the greatest trends in the world, it is considered one of the most controversial and new disciplines , along with what is modern genetics.

Characteristics

Some of the most relevant characteristics of artificial intelligence will be mentioned below, so that in this way it can be easily distinguished:

  • Part of complex mathematical algorithms that later become patterns that help it to function .
  • Try to imitate or duplicate human intelligence, to give a certain resemblance.
  • They do not have, so far, emotional intelligence .
  • They are a great step for the evolution and development of society as a whole.

Applications

The curious thing about artificial intelligence is that it is flexible and multifunctional , which is why it can be applied in different ways and is used in many areas ; The first ideas when applying this type of intelligence was to reduce the use of human functions , so that they could obtain a calmer life. From what can be said, this intelligence is so versatile that it can be applied to everything.

How does it work

Like all intelligence that part of computing is developed based and based on mathematical algorithms and the data that they need to develop broader and more detailed processes , becoming after being implemented in a mechanism in observable and verifiable data that are manifested at the time that machines with artificial intelligence are put to the test.

Types of artificial intelligence

There are 3 types of artificial intelligence:

  • Artificial intelligences that think like humans.
  • Artificial intelligences that act like humans.
  • Artificial intelligences that think rationally.

Techniques

Some of the techniques of artificial intelligence are the following:

  • Automatic Learning (Machine Learning).
  • Automatic learning.
  • Knowledge Engineering
  • Fuzzy Logic
  • Artificial Neural Networks
  • Neural networks.
  • Reactive Systems
  • Multi-Agent Systems
  • Rule-Based Systems
  • Case-Based Reasoning
  • Expert Systems
  • Bayesian Networks
  • Artificial Life. VA is not a field of AI, rather AI is a field of VA.
  • Evolutionary Computation
  • Evolutionary strategies
  • Genetic Algorithms
  • Knowledge Representation Techniques
  • Semantic Networks

Advantage

One of the great advantages of artificial intelligence is the way in which it accelerates the development and evolution of knowledge in humanity, coupled with this, the capabilities that these can give to human beings, companies and various areas and relevant areas.

Disadvantages

Some of the disadvantages that are commonly found to Artificial Intelligence are the following:

  • No artificial intelligence so far has emotional intelligence , which makes them a possible future problem for humanity.
  • Since these studies began to develop, a great interest has been aroused , a great fear, since there is the hypothesis that each individual will sooner or later be replaced by a machine that has this type of intelligence implanted.
  • Possible mass unemployment.

Future

Many scholars affirm that the future of artificial intelligence is gigantic, it is proposed that by the year 2040 , many things will have implemented what are machines with this implanted intelligence, in addition to this, some theorists propose that artificial intelligence if it is not managed in a correct way it can end humanity as it is known, since it has the fear that it will succeed in supplanting the human being in all its functions.

Consequences of artificial intelligence

Some of the consequences that artificial intelligence has had are the following:

  • Computer evolution and development.
  • Decrease in jobs.
  • Facilitation of work.
  • Theoretical advances.

Examples

  • Speech recognition.
  • Virtual agents.
  • Machine learning.
  • Robots
  • Digital twins.
  • Marketing automation.

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