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Art Deco

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The Art Deco is an artistic style that managed to manifest itself through the visual arts in a number of fields that included the architecture , the painting and sculpture , but not only these areas managed to achieve, but he managed also be introduced in the graphic arts and the decorative ones. It is a type of art that is based on a series of influences related to modernism such as Cubism and Futurism . A style of art where symmetry is important, where streamlined, simple and pleasant geometric structures can be observed with the naked eye.

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What is art deco?

It is a style of modern art that tries to give an artistic touch to modern things and where the object of art is given importance by promoting an interesting vision of it while trying to give elegance and sophistication.

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What does it consist of

The Art Deco is a type of heterogeneous art very popular during the 30s an artistic style that used different forms of lines and colors bright and strong. It was a movement that managed to reach practically all branches of art, achieving significant international significance.

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Art deco features

Among its main characteristics we can mention:

  • A series of geometric figures were used which were delineated with great precision.
  • He adopted a series of ideas related to modernism in order to emphasize the importance of progress.
  • It is considered the first style to emerge related to decorative art.
  • Different industrial materials are also used to make the works of art.
  • Their designs are generally luxurious and quite extravagant .
  • For many years it was regarded as the art of Hollywood stars and was also seen as a symbol of glamor .
  • It is an art full of heterogeneity and eclecticism .
  • It reflected the desire of nations to live in the midst of a society full of wars. It also represented enthusiasm and joy as well as a society seeking new responses after the Industrial Revolution .
  • It seeks to represent the fauna by focusing on aspects such as speed as well as the philomorphic elements of nature such as flowers, trees, cacti and others.
  • In the field of architecture , he uses continuous geometric figures and staggered finishes.
  • He also uses human figures , including women who were represented well dressed and participating in activities that gave them freedom .

Source

Art Deco had its origins in Paris , France during the first decades of the 20th century, gradually spreading to the rest of Europe until it reached places outside of this continent, such as the United States .

Story

Its history dates back to the beginning of the 20th century and its first signs emerged in France , shortly before the First World War , but it was until 1925 when it began to be taken into account as a true artistic movement worldwide. . At the beginning of its history it was called “ Style Moderne ”, an avant-garde style full of elegance that, after an important exhibition, gained strength, revolutionizing art.

In 1925, this exhibition was held where the exhibition of ancient styles was not authorized, only modern works of art, and it was here that the artistic style was baptized as “Déco” . After this exhibition, Art Deco managed to reach other countries, mainly the United States, where it was very popular.

Art deco in painting

Art Deco painting was born during the 20s and 30s of the 20th century and was based on a completely eclectic academic style that united tradition with modernity . It did not have standards or guidelines but was based on style and decorative luxuries , creating fine and well detailed works and combining the elegance of the industry with materials and creativity .

This type of painting varies the use of geometry , simplicity and abstract designs full of bright but simple colors. Its lines are always straight and angular, although it is not strange to find some circles and curves. As for the human figure , they tend to be well outlined, elastic, fine and are always accompanied by the use of a hat.

Art deco in architecture

In architecture, Art Deco tries to make a union between the avant-garde and tradition , while showing the styles of architecture that existed in the past. So, traits of Egyptian , Oriental , African and pre-Columbian art can be observed in it . It is mainly based on the use of geometry , however, some curves can also be included in the designs. It is common to see architectural works that include rhombuses, triangles, hexagons and a union of different geometric shapes that give the sensation of constant movement. 

Another characteristic of this type of art in architecture is the firm use of phosphorescent lights or neon lights , which are placed vertically or horizontally on the facades of buildings built in this style. A style of architecture that seeks to give importance to nature but in a more stylized way , for this reason it is common to see animals and plants in its designs.

Art deco in furniture

In furniture, this type of art injects modernism and classicism . The pieces are very symmetrical, straight and with well defined lines. The look is generally streamlined and circles and trapezoids are used as geometric shapes. Use exotic materials in your bright , enameled or chrome designs and colors . Most of this furniture uses very expensive woods such as ebony and mahogany . At present, other types of materials such as chromium and aluminum have been incorporated to show smoother surfaces that reflect a greater amount of light and that emphasize the modernity of the time.

Art deco in sculpture

In sculpture, Art Deco gave great importance to women, but did so by giving them a modern and very athletic image , full of dynamism and energy , with the ability to break social norms . As for the figure of man, it also shows modernity , and its forms tend to be very slender and with a certain touch of seriousness.

Mexican art deco

Art arrived in Mexico in the early 1920s. After the Mexican revolution movement , the middle class began to apply for jobs using this trend and thanks to this, the artistic movement managed to establish itself with force in the city, having an important impact on everything. the place.

Art deco in Europe

In addition to being the continent where the movement originated, Art Deco in Europe is still in force and in its architectural structures it is where it can be observed most frequently. It took an even greater boom when after the end of the First World War, the buildings had to be rebuilt, a stage in which this type of art took on greater importance.

Art Deco in America

In this country there were two sub-styles of art, the skyscrapers of New York that represented the great power and economic development of the place and the architecture of Miami , which was dedicated to introducing the use of bright and striking colors. It was a very traditional form of construction since it associated daily life with the industrialization of the area.

Materials

There are actually many materials that artists, painters, sculptors and architects can use to bring Art Deco to life. Fine woods , chrome steel , wrought iron , animal skins in some designs, copper, and glass are widely used . For small sculptures it is common to observe the use of ivory and bronze . Colored fabrics and furniture that are lined with fur are also widely used in this type of art.

Importance

The importance of this type of art is based on the incredible adaptability it has within the artistic world, its great versatility and the possibility that it has to recall the different artistic styles of antiquity to a modern world full of changes that has known how to value the use of all these styles.

Representatives

Among its main representatives we mention:

  • Jean Dupás who had a very personal style with his little humanized expressions.
  • Robert Eugéne Poughéon whose abstract style was based on anatomical themes, where the muscles were of special importance.
  • Tamara Lempicka an important painter considered one of the most representative of this style of art.
  • Jean Gabriel Domerge , who specialized in portraits of worldly characters from Paris.

Plays

Some important works of art deco are:

  • The Procession of Jean Dupás
  • The portrait of EI Finogenova by Zinaida Serebriakova
  • Red-haired woman reading by Tamara de Lempicka
  • Tamara de Lempicka’s perspective
  • Woman grinding corn by Diego Rivera

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