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Anthropocentrism

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We have all heard about humanism at some point in our lives , which is a current that has the human being as the epicenter of all existence, anthropology is not far from this ideal, since it focuses on well-being, both physical, psychic and moral of the human being and works for it, thus satisfying the needs of humanity .

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What is anthropocentrism?

If we see it from the epistemology , it is the doctrine that is based on making the human being the main priority , defending all the interests of human beings, thus making their life simpler, stating that the concern for another existing being on the planet is Overrated, as the person is the most important, and therefore what they focus on. Although anthropocentrism is the aforementioned, people today tend to confuse it with anthropology , and although in etymology it has similarity, both study the human being differently; This fact has caused controversy in the population, since the term tends to be confused, and therefore, to give erroneous conceptualizations of it.

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  • Meaning of anthropocentrism
  • History of anthropocentrism
  • Characteristics of anthropocentrism
  • Plays
  • Representatives
  • Importance of anthropocentrism

Meaning of anthropocentrism

Anthropocentrism , anthropo by the human being and centrism by the fact of focusing all the things for which it is studied; This is the name given to a philosophical tendency that addresses the human being as the center of existence, everything can be under it, but nothing will be located on it, for anthropocentrism the fact of being a person is prestigious, since they are the perfect product of creation; This philosophy was unleashed to be considered a universal study that has been renamed many times from its origins to the present.

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History of anthropocentrism

This philosophy arose at the beginning of the Modern Age , shortly after theocentrism , civilizations had evolved, and human beings already had a more stabilized conception of what was ethics, morals, the judgment of both themselves and the environment. In it they lived, coupled with it, they made their way to what philosophy was.

When knowing the antecedents of the older philosophies that the theocentrism , the connoisseurs and scientists of the time began to doubt the theocentrism and its findings about a supreme god, until that moment this doctrine predominated the humanity ; Because of this, the mentality of the population completely changed and an egomaniac and centrist man emerged, who was thought as the center of all creation, as the beginning and end of everything, since the gods were not relevant in the society of At the time , everything that became rooted with faith primarily mutated, after these discoveries there was no room for faith, only reason and common sense existed, taking this as the only guide that would support thehuman beings to advance and evolve as individuals.

In this way, anthropocentrism unleashed both an internal and external rebellion in human beings, abolishing all religious ideas, for which people got rid of the chains that for the time were the customs of theocentrism, which made them carry out activities By and for a God , for the same reason, they began to manifest all their emotions and all their repressed ideals, knowing that they were the sole owners of their own lives.

This is why, at present, anthropocentrism is taken as the counterpart of theocentrism , since both are totally different, however, if it had not been for theocentrism, anthropocentrism would not have advanced in such a way in the society of the time. , since to certify a theory a principle must be denied or rejected; that is, theocentrism, even if it was not intentional, catapulted anthropocentrism , making it shine.

Characteristics of anthropocentrism

The main characteristics of anthropocentrism are the following:

  • Full confidence in the human being is one of the first characteristics of this tendency, the human being to trust his qualities and abilities in order to develop and grow both personally and for the other individuals who live in his environment, that is, The human being had to be able to defend himself and create for himself as an individual, and in addition to this he had to trust in the final product of his creation, thus demonstrating his ability to control the environment that surrounded him, overcoming all situations.
  • Glory and personal prestige one of the main characteristics, everything that man did should be praised, glorified and superimposed in society, since this was a great pride , for the same reason, unlike what happened in medieval times , the trade was well regarded, since it was defined as a way of displaying their precious creations, and placing a value on them that would balance the effort that the creation of the object had.
  • Reason and science had a special value, scientists were famous and full of prestige , since they were guided by reason, leaving aside the beliefs in any other entity that was not the human being, the wisdom that these men carried to the society of the time marveling the population and thanks to this is that were studied and developed many of the sciences of which we enjoy today, such as the anatomy, the physical , the astronomy , and other sciences that have been crucial for current research.

Plays

Although the works referring to anthropocentrism are varied, the ones that stand out most today are Don Quixote de la mancha by Miguel Cervantes, who imposes the capacities of the human being to function in an environment and his confidence in himself to achieve his goals; In addition to this, another of the relevant works is The Vitruvian Man by Leonardo Da Vinci .

Representatives

Some representatives of anthropocentrism are:

  • Erasmus of Rotterdam
  • Dante Alighieri .
  • Giovanni Boccaccio.
  • Cicero .

Importance of anthropocentrism

Thanks to this philosophical trend, confidence in the capabilities of human beings increased greatly, for the same reason we evolved rapidly, however, this trend may be very radical for the time, seeing it from this perspective , however, it was like the little push that humanity lacked to fully undertake, create and survive.

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