Anterior tibial


The tibialis anterior is one of the most important thick muscles in the human anatomy , since it is located in a relatively delicate area and of great relevance for daily physical activity.


What is the tibialis anterior?

The tibialis anterior is a thick and dense muscle that is located in the lower anterior part of the leg , it spreads from the upper two thirds of the external face of the tibia to the medial cuneiform bone and the metatarsal bone found in the foot. In the aspect of the previous actions of the leg, this muscle is the one that is more internal in its anatomy, therefore it is usually a bit delicate when it comes to tense or when faced with a bad movement.

  • Origin and insertion
  • What is the tibialis anterior
  • features
  • Tibialis anterior function
  • Location
  • Heating
  • Exercises to strengthen the tibialis anterior
  • Stretching
  • Contracture
  • Tendinitis
  • Periostitis
  • Tibialis anterior care
  • Importance

Origin and insertion

This muscle, as its name implies, is located in the outer lateral area of ​​the tibia, it begins in the lateral condyle and from the upper two thirds of the surface of what would become the tibia, some few surfaces of this muscle are in what are the interosseous membrane and the intermuscular septum that exists between the tibialis anterior itself, in addition to also having a bit of proximity with what is the extensor longus muscle of the toes.


Around a tendon that appears in the middle third of the leg are the descending fibers and nerve endings that cover the bones and therefore resemble the tibialis anterior, this muscle at first glance has a strange shape, as if it were fused , this It is thanks to the amount of nerve endings and fibers that surround it, after passing through the internal areas of the transverse crural and cruciate crural ligaments , it proceeds to insert itself on the surface of the anterior medial face of the cuneiform bone and at the base of the first metatarsal, in turn surrounding the scaphoid.

What is the tibialis anterior

It is the muscle surrounded by descending fibers and nerve endings that is found in the lower anterior part of the leg, it spreads from the upper two thirds of the external face of the tibia to the medial cuneiform bone and the metatarsal bone found in the foot. .


Some of the most relevant characteristics of the tibialis anterior muscle are the following:

  • It is surrounded by descending fibers and nerve endings.
  • It is one of the most important muscles in the anatomy of the human body.
  • It spreads from the upper two-thirds of the external aspect of the tibia to the medial wedge bone and metatarsal bone.
  • Thanks to this, the whole body can maintain a specific balance.
  • It is very easy to injure and very delicate since it has various endings and fibers close to it.

Tibialis anterior function

Because this muscle is very immersed in the anatomy, it has several functions, which will be described below:

  • It has a bending action on the ankle , in the same way it can be adductor.
  • Although not only a few of its parts do it, it manages to stabilize the plantar arches.
  • Thanks to this muscle, you can perform the action of walking correctly, without the need to drag your feet.
  • When this muscle is weak due to some type of circumstance, the subject may suffer from flat or valgus foot , all thanks to the insufficiency of this muscle.
  • Stabilizes the ankle.
  • It keeps in balance the anatomy complete when standing.
  • Dorsiflexion
  • Inversion of the foot.


It is located in the outer lateral area of ​​the tibia , it begins in the lateral condyle and from the upper two thirds of the surface of what would become the tibia.


The warm-ups for the tibialis anterior muscle are extremely simple, only with the simple mobility of the foot can a warm-up for this muscle be performed, in turn, jogging can be an excellent way to perform a warm-up dedicated to this muscle.

Exercises to strengthen the tibialis anterior

One of the most common exercises to strengthen the tibialis anterior is to lift a slightly light weight with the tip of the feet up while the subject is sitting, in the same way, machines that are designed to strengthen and exercise this area can be used.

Another option could be rubber bands or pulleys , which can help flex the foot and leg , exercising not only this muscle but also the calf and a large lower leg , climbing a stair climber for around 15 minutes can be a good exercise to strengthen the tibialis anterior, in turn, outings and bike rides are recommended, since the constant rotational movement of the legs when being on them exercises and makes the muscle more flexible , relaxing it.

However, it should be taken into account that each exercise has its correct way of doing it, if these are not executed in the proper way instead of helping to strengthen the muscle, it could be injured, so it is recommended that people educate themselves before perform these exercises.


One of the most recognized stretches for the tibialis anterior is to take a tape or an elastic strap and place the foot in the middle of it , stretch the leg as far as possible and holding the tape firmly, move the foot consecutively up and down, five minutes for each foot.


The stiffness of this muscle can be due to many causes, however, one of the most common is thanks to poorly performed exercises that result in inflammation of the tibialis anterior muscle , causing difficulties when walking and severe pain, when this happens already the person only has to rest , since any slight movement could affect it.


Tendonitis of this muscle is caused by inflammation of the tissue , it has various symptoms, however, one of the most common is constant pain in the ankles and heels when walking, since these are the places that are most common. are affected.


It could be said that this is a higher level than tendinitis, an inflammation that goes beyond, chronic , envelops the bones and especially the tibia , affecting the muscle and tissues that are nearby, this if not diagnosed in time can end in surgery since it affects the periosteum which has a certain connection with this muscle, therefore, when it looks pathologically bad, the symptoms expand.

Tibialis anterior care

The most frequent recommendations when referring to this muscle are the following:

  • Run or jog daily.
  • Take cold showers, as it helps to relax tensions.
  • Riding a bicycle.
  • Have a healthy basic diet.
  • Stretch this muscle at least once or twice a week.
  • If the person feels very tired and tense feet, ankles or heels, it is recommended that they rest, since rest can be one of the best care.


It is important to take care of this muscle , since it is usually very delicate, the tendinitis that is created in it is extremely risky , in addition to this, people commonly do not worry about pain in the feet or in some areas of the legs, but they do There is a lot of tension in those places, there must be rest, since this muscle could be affected, which when suffering from chronic inflammation can leave a person in bed, unable to get up for a long time.

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