Analogous colors


To determine which are the analogous colors we need the assistance of the color wheel . These types of colors are those that are found on one side and the other of the chromatic circle, taking a given color. Analogous colors will vary in position on the color wheel, depending on the primary color model we use. Analogous colors have a common color, which is the one in the middle of the three.


What are analogous colors?

They are defined as colors analogous to those colors that are next to a certain color on the chromatic circle . One on the right and one on the left. These colors have the characteristic that they have a common color. It is the one that is located in the center of the three.

  • Which are?
  • Analogous color characteristics
  • What are they for?
  • Harmony of analogous colors
  • How they differ from complementary colors
  • Importance
  • Examples

Which are?

Regardless of the number of colors that make up the chromatic circle, all colors are analogous to another because they have in common the color that is in the middle between them.


For example, if we choose the color red, in the color wheel corresponding to the traditional RYB model , purple red and orange red will be analogous colors. We can easily deduce that the common color of the cited analogs is red.

The blue-purple and red-purple colors are analogous and have purple as a common color, which is a secondary color of the RYB model.

Analogous color characteristics

If we take three consecutive colors, located on the color wheel , we will have the main characteristics of analogous colors:

  • Colors located to the right and left of the center color will be analogous
  • The color that is located in the center of the three will be the common color that the analogues have.

What are they for?

By having a common or base color, analogous colors play a prominent role in the composition.

On the other hand, these colors allow us to understand the process of combining colors, the gradations of tones and how to generate harmony .

Harmony of analogous colors

The analogy that exists between the colors that are close in the chromatic circle allows to create harmony in everything that requires a combination of colors.

Whether it is artistic painting, interior decoration or brand design, the harmony of the analogous colors is a reflection of the combinations that we observe daily in nature.

How they differ from complementary colors

In Art Theory , analogous colors allow the artist to create harmony . These are close on the color wheel and have a common or base color.

Instead, complementary colors are opposite on the color wheel. This opposition that can be observed allows to create contrasts that are also considered important in works of art or in any activity that requires a combination of colors.


The Theory of Art considers analogous colors and their knowledge as a solid basis for the development of harmony between tones .

On the other hand, they allow us to understand how a tone is formed, from the combination with another.


  • Reddish violet and red orange are analogous colors and have red in common
  • Orange and red are analogous and have red orange as the base or common color
  • Greenish blue and purplish blue are considered analogous because they have blue as a common color

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