Álvaro Obregón was one of the presidents of Mexico who played an extremely important role within the constitutionalist movement that fought against the dictatorship that had been imposed by Victoriano Huerta . A president who during his administration managed to negotiate his presidency in an adequate way to be able to give the farmers greater and better privileges and who also managed to give them an important boost to issues related to culture .
- When was he born: 02/19/1880
- Where he was born: Sonora, Mexico
- When he died: 07/17/1928
- Where he died: Mexico City, Mexico
Who was Álvaro Obregón?
Álvaro Obregón was a recognized Mexican military , revolutionary and politician who managed to occupy the presidential seat. Thanks to his great work, he is considered the man who managed to put an end to all the revolutionary violence in the country.
- What did
- Biography of Álvaro Obregón
- Performance in the Mexican Revolution
- Political career
- Government of Álvaro Obregón
- What study
- Contributions of Álvaro Obregón
- Physical characteristics
- Importance of Álvaro Obregón
Álvaro Obregón was a very important president for the Mexican country because he managed to establish a series of agrarian , labor and educational reforms with which he considerably improved the situation in his country. He was able to resume diplomatic relations with the United States , managed to repair the telegraphic wiring and established a series of rules for a better functioning of the diplomatic corps .
Biography of Álvaro Obregón
Alvaro Obregon was born in Sonora , a town known as Siquisiva a February 19 of the year 1880 . His father died the same year that Obregón was born and his mother was the one who dedicated herself to raising him. He did some studies at the local school and worked in the fields , a job that his entire family did. He worked on a farm and when he turned 18, he started working at a mill , a place where he did not stay long as he preferred to return to his agricultural work. Later he participated in the Mexican Revolution , a situation that opened the doors to politics.
Despite rumors about a possible attack against him, Álvaro Obregón decided to go out on July 17 to eat, after being invited by several deputies . The meeting took place in a restaurant known as ” La Bombilla “. José de León Toral , after spying on the president for several days, approached the group and offered to draw them , then he approached Obregón, whom he also began to draw. Before the carelessness of all those present, León Toral drew his pistol and shot Álvaro Obregón six times , who died instantly .
Performance in the Mexican Revolution
In 1912 the Mexican Revolution took place , and in this movement, Álvaro Obregón was in charge of creating a force of Indians who supported President Francisco I. Madero . It was at this time that he was elected to the post of colonel during this same campaign and was also appointed as a military commander by Hermosillo. It was Obregón who was in charge of creating the resistance movement against Victoriano Huera, on March 14, 1913.
He defeated the troops of Emiliano Zapata and then returned to Mexico where, as a gesture of war, he let his beard grow until he managed to defeat Pancho Villa , an objective that he achieved after several battles in 1915. It was in one of the battles that he lost his arm but at the same time it was the place where he showed his incredible tactical and strategic planning .
He was appointed as interim mayor of Huatabampo in June 1911 and with this, he began his important political career. He subsequently ran as a candidate for the post of constitutional mayor and performed various administrative functions. Later, the recruitment campaign took place to fight against Pascual Orozco and the Maderista government, a fight which he decided to join to defend the government. He was appointed as head of the Northwest Army Corps and organized the resistance against Victoriano Huerta .
After Madero’s death, he gave his support to Venustiano Carranza and together they managed to subdue the forces of Francisco Villa and Emiliano Zapata . He participated in the Agua Prieta Plan and after the death of the president, he was elected the winner in the elections of the Federal Powers, later taking over as president of the country.
Government of Álvaro Obregón
He assumed the presidency of the country on December 1, 1920 . During his government, he was in charge of promoting the agrarian reform through the expropriation of several large estates which were distributed among the peasants. Feeling a special interest in education , he also founded the Ministry of Public Education , promoted rural education in the towns as well as secondary , technical and commercial education .
It was during his government that the Bucareli Treaty with the United States was signed, a treaty by which the interests of the North American nation were guaranteed with respect to its priorities in Mexico. This is because the United States government wanted the expropriations of the properties of Americans in Mexico to be compensated and for them, a mixed commission was created that would be in charge of studying the claims to validate which of them deserved compensation. He created many networks of public libraries where Mexican muralism was promoted , an artistic movement that sought to give importance to the customs of the people.
He studied at the primary school in Huatabampo and in Álamos . Due to his economic condition as a child, he was unable to attend university but taught some classes at the primary school in the town of Moroncárit.
One of the main aspects in Álvaro Obregón’s ideology was the importance of education , in fact, thanks to his thinking and his work in this field, he is seen as one of the most important men in the history of education in the country. It also had a progressive ideology , mainly in aspects related to agriculture . He wanted to get the farmers to be recognized and also have greater opportunities to get ahead. A president who always thought of improving the foundations of the State by giving it legitimacy and stability.
Contributions of Álvaro Obregón
Among the main contributions made by Álvaro Obregón the following are mentioned:
- He managed to improve education in the country through various plans to found schools rural and to train the teachers .
- He promoted several art schools promoting a new generation of artists.
- He gave the amnesty to Francisco Villa and Saturnino Cedillo in exchange for surrendering their weapons and joining together to keep the country stable.
- He managed to get the Treaty of Bucareli signed in 1923 and with it, he improved and achieved the recognition of the United States and the chambers of commerce.
- He established economic measures that helped the peasants and established an agrarian reform that established the expropriation of the large estates to distribute them among the peasants.
- It granted several subsidies to different workers ‘organizations, among which the Mexican Regional Workers’ Confederation stands out .
- He founded the Ministry of Public Education .
- The situation of the arts , schools and libraries among others improved .
- During his government, they managed to repair the railroad tracks as well as the telegraphic wiring .
He was a man of average height as was his build . She had her black hair , bushy eyebrows pretty and beautifully shaped, eye color black and used to use a mustache quite long.
His personality was characterized by his focus on work, he was a very intelligent man and an excellent strategist . He lived full of energy , felt a great passion for everything he did and was also dedicated to his work. Some historians report that he also had a somewhat complex personality , difficult to understand and somewhat disconcerting .
His father, Francisco Obregón Gámez and his mother, Cenobia Salido Palomares .
He married María del Refugio Urrea in 1906, his wife died in 1907 when she was pregnant. Some time later he met María Claudia Tapia Monteverde with whom he married in 1916.
With his first wife he had two children, Humberto and María del Refugio . Later, in his second marriage, he had seven children: Mayo, Alba, Álvaro, María Xóchitl, Francisco, Cenobia and Ariel.
Importance of Álvaro Obregón
Alvaro Obregon is considered one of the most important presidents of Mexico thanks to its outstanding role in the Mexican Revolution , having started with the reconstruction of the country and make the state , consolidate its power primarily for having faced with intelligence and strategy to the rebellious leaders who wanted to maintain many privileges and who also did not recognize or respect the Political Constitution of the country.
Some of the awards given to Álvaro Obregón were:
- A monument was made in his honor, an important architectural work that was built in Mexico City between 1934 and 1935, in the place where he was assassinated.
- In the country, several schools and institutes have been founded that bear his name in recognition of his work.
Among his most recognized phrases are the following:
- The moral is the force that has been called to rule the world in modernity .
- Here we are all a bit thieves . But I have only one hand , while my opponents have two.
- I will live until someone trades their life for mine .
- Which mutilate and fall the men by the principles , but they do not fall or mutilate the principles because of men.
Among the most remembered curiosities of Álvaro Obregón the following are mentioned:
- Due to an explosion during the Battle of Celaya , Álvaro Obregón lost his right arm.
- He was considered one of the most important strategists within the war field.
- He had a total of 18 siblings , of whom 5 died as children due to measles.
- According to the stories, when he was 4 years old he still did not say a word and his first was rudeness.
- He was orphaned by his father when he was only 1 year old.