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Alberto Fujimori

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Many emblematic and controversial figures have served as president of Peru. One of them was Alberto Fujimori, a president who managed to save Peru from terrorists and economic collapse for those who followed him and an authoritarian , rude and evil president who only tried to maintain democratic power in his country to preserve his own power for his opponents .

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Personal information

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  • When was he born: 07/28/1938
  • Where he was born: Lima, Peru

Who was Alberto Fujimori?

Alberto Fujimori was one of the presidents of the Republic of Peru between the period between 1990 and 2000. A prominent agricultural engineer and science teacher who was finally convicted of violating Human Rights and corruption .

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  • What did
  • Biography of Alberto Fujimori
  • Political career
  • First government of Alberto Fujimori
  • Second government
  • Third government
  • Sentence
  • What study
  • Ideology
  • Contributions of Alberto Fujimori
  • Physical characteristics
  • Personality
  • Parents
  • Relations
  • Sons
  • Importance
  •  Works by Alberto Fujimori
  • Acknowledgments
  • Phrases
  • Curiosities

What did

Fujimori was one of the strongest leaders of Peru and, against all odds, defeated the terrorists of extreme left using techniques dirty war curbed hyperinflation dry and transformed the economy . When it seemed that a war with Ecuador could break out, Alberto Fujimori settled a centuries-old dispute and achieved permanent peace . He was the creator of a totally autocratic government directed mainly to the right that managed to mold the entire political system to his liking and subordinated democratic legalityfor your own benefit. A president who was finally tried and sentenced to prison for all the crimes he had committed during his government.

Biography of Alberto Fujimori

Alberto Fujimori was born in the city of Lima , Peru , on July 28, 1938 . His parents had emigrated from Japan in search of a better quality of life. He studied several studies since he was a child and finally managed to graduate as an agricultural engineer . He also dedicated part of his life to teaching at the National University of Agronomy in Peru until he managed to become president of the country.

Political career

He ran in the general elections of Peru in 1990 , however, he came in second place, reaching only 34% of the votes. During his political campaign , he assured that he would end the attacks by the Shining Path and the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement . He showed a plan that was based on the development of the economy and the improvement of peasant life . In this way, he managed to win the second round of the elections with a large majority, thus becoming the first president of Japanese descent.that gets to occupy the presidency of the country. Faced with the division that existed between the powers of the Republic, between April 5 and 6, 1992 , he decided to carry out a ” self-coup ” with which he was able to assume the powers of the country in its entirety, immediately suspending the practice of the Political Constitution and thus naming an “emergency” government.

First government of Alberto Fujimori

His first government began on July 28, 1990 . His government policy was based on the advice provided by the United States government and the International Monetary Fund . Process was conducted privatization in higher education primarily and it was in this period that Alberto Fujimori carried out the coup of State because of the negative showing Congress to give powers to legislate, a move that was supported by the military and then It caused the constitutional crisis of 1992.

Second government

During this term, the majority party called Nueva Mayoría-Cambio 90 kept Alberto Fujimori in power and therefore managed to be reelected in 1995 . A serious crisis arose in the government when the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement decided to storm the Japanese Embassy in Lima, holding several hostages in exchange for the release of its prisoners. Despite several negotiations, on April 22 of the following year, army troops , including Fujimori, stormed the Embassy, ​​assassinating 14 of the movement’s members and thus freeing 71 of the 72 individuals who had been kidnapped.

Third government

His third term came shortly after the beginning of the year 2000 and in that same year, a video that was published by various opposition groups showed a series of evidence about Fujimori’s acts of corruption . It was at that moment when the crisis of his government broke out that is why elections were called again on September 17 to elect a new president. Alberto Fujimori finally decided to resign in November 2000 while on a trip to Japan .

On February 13, 2001, the Prosecutor’s Office formally accused him of illicit enrichment and embezzlement of public funds . Then, on January 10, 2006 , the National Elections Jury rejected his candidacy. He remained living in Japan until he was captured and later extradited. On November 6, 2005 , he arrived in Santiago de Chile, where he was arrested a day later by order of the Chilean Supreme Court .

Sentence

Alberto Fujimori was sentenced to spend a total of 25 years in prison because he was accused of being responsible for several crimes of murder committed with treachery , for aggravated kidnapping and for serious injuries in the events that occurred in the Barrios Altos during the year 1991 and for the events in La Cancuta during 1992, acts that were committed by the group known as Colina . He was also tried for the kidnapping of a renowned businessman and a journalist.

Then, in 2009, he was also sentenced to seven more years for the crimes of malicious embezzlement , appropriation of public funds and for practicing ideological falsehood against the State. It was on January 2, 2010 when the sentence was final, being then accused of violation of Human Rights . However, on February 20, 2018, he received a humanitarian pardon while in an intensive care unit .

On January 23, 2019 , he was transferred again to serve his sentence after the National Criminal Chamber decided not to apply the right of grace that had been previously granted.

What study

Alberto Fujimori completed his first primary studies at the Colegio de Nuestra Señora de la Merced and later at the La Rectora school . He went to high school in the school unit known as Alfonso Ugarte . In 1957 he managed to enter the La Molina National Agrarian University located in Lima and in 1961 he managed to graduate as an agricultural engineer . In 1964, he was able to study at the University of Strasbourg in France where he studied Physics and Sciences .

He also received a scholarship from the Ford Foundation to study and graduate in the field of mathematics at the University of Wisconsin where he obtained his degree in Science in 1969.

Ideology

His ideology was based on the popular right that also supported the ideology of applying neoliberal economic measures . He had no problem applying different extreme measures and human rights violations in order to achieve his objectives. His way of thinking was oriented mainly to populism , caudillismo , conservatism , economic liberalism and authoritarianism . He also thought of including in his ideology a type of social conservatism supporting the Catholic and Evangelical Church.

Contributions of Alberto Fujimori

Among his main contributions are the following:

  • He fought in his first years of government against terrorism .
  • He created a program to combat inflation in the country and to reintegrate Peru into the international financial system.
  • She opened a hospital for low-income mothers .
  • He managed to build more than 50 kilometers of paved roads .
  • The project known as Cerro Verde was executed .
  • It was possible to bring water , electricity and drainage to the most needy places in the country.
  • More than 2000 schools were built throughout the country.
  • The National Food Support Program and the Social Development and Compensation Fund were created with the objective of being able to finance smaller rehabilitation projects in the economic and social infrastructure of rural areas.
  • The Ombudsman’s Office was installed and the Commission for the Promotion of Exports was created.

Physical characteristics

Alberto Fujimori was a descendant of Japanese culture, so his physical characteristics were typical of this type of ethnic group. His hair was black , he was a tall man , with a white complexion , slanted eyes , thin lips .

Personality

Alberto Fujimori was a man who had a totally authoritarian personality . Many regarded him as a person who thought he had a way of being great and the same long megalomaniac . He made himself known as an all-powerful leader and was a man who knew very well how to calculate everything around him.

Parents

His parents were Naoichi Fujimori and Mutsue Inomoto , both peasants who had to face poverty and who had emigrated from the Kumamoto prefecture located in Japan during the year 1934.

Relations

He married Susana Higuchi , a woman who held the position of civil engineer on July 25, 1974. He also had a second marriage after divorcing his wife, this time with Satomi Kataoka , a well-known hotel entrepreneur.

Sons

From his first marriage a total of four children were born: Keiko , Hiro Alberto , Sachi and Kenji Gerardo .

Importance

Alberto Fujimori is a very controversial figure in the country regarding his importance. On the one hand, it is considered as the only president who managed to recover all the macroeconomic stability of the country through privatization of companies and services and is considered one of the leading exponents against the violence of the management of Alan Garcia , however, the methods he used to prevent these violent acts continue to be questioned and highly controversial. On the other hand, he is also considered as the president who violated the Human Rights of many inhabitants.

 Works by Alberto Fujimori

Among his main works are the following:

  • He managed to re-activate the international finance system while improving financial freedom .
  • He solved various problems related with problems of payment of credit
  • Created the regional system for food assistance .
  • The maternal and child hospital was built for those pregnant women who were also low-income.
  • Free service was provided in schools and soup kitchens were created to reduce poverty and hunger.
  • It was possible to manufacture more than 70 kilometers of roads and the use of water, electricity and drains was incorporated.

Acknowledgments

With the passage of time, different documentaries and television series have been produced in which the story of this remembered president is told. In 2000 , the famous channel Biography Channel was commissioned to travel to Peru to conduct interviews and studies on Fujimori, this documentary became known by the name of Alberto Fujimori . In 2005 the documentary called The Fall of Fujimori was also published, a documentary that was published all over the world. He was also recognized in the field of cinema through the film Panic in the Embassywhich was based on the entire history and crisis of those who were held hostage in the old Japanese embassy.

Phrases

Some of his most recognized phrases are mentioned below:

  • I am aware that the results of my government were well received on the one hand, but I also recognize that I have disappointed others, I sincerely apologize to them.
  • The news of the humanitarian pardon given to me by President Pedro Pablo Kuezynski surprised me in the Intensive Care Unit.
  • It commits me in this new stage to open in my life, to support his call for reconciliation.

Curiosities

Some curiosities of Alberto Fujimori were the following:

  • During their divorce, his wife accused him of selling clothes that had been donated .
  • His trusted men were Santiago , who was also his brother, and Vladimiro Montesinos, a former army captain.
  • He carried out a coup d’état in order to sabotage others and keep all power.

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