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Agronomy

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The Agriculture is one of the many sciences that is responsible for studying the soil , but not only that, but also analyzes and investigates all matters concerning the production and use of different types of plants for food, fuel and various types of fibers. It is a way of being able to present the field of agriculture from a completely integrated and holistic perspective.

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What is agronomy?

Agronomy is a science that brings together the knowledge and techniques that can help improve crop development based mainly on the use of science to optimize the processes used to obtain agricultural products .

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  • Characteristics of agronomy
  • History
  • What is agronomy for
  • Branches
  • Basic concepts
  • Agronomy in the world
  • How it differs from agriculture
  • Importance
  • Featured agronomists
  • Books on agronomy
  • Examples

Characteristics of agronomy

Among its main characteristics we can mention that it is closely related to other sciences such as biology , chemistry and physics , it even sticks to economics and sociology since all these aspects can in some way affect the production process . It is also known by the name of agricultural engineering . It also carries out studies on the different types of agroecosystems in order to establish intervention models in nature with the aim of acquiring raw materials . Apply theoretical and technological knowledgeto be able to achieve and fulfill its objectives. The person who studies this science is known as an agronomist and his function is to increase the productivity of soils.

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History

The agronomy is a science that has its history next to agriculture . Since ancient times, the world’s people have sought ways to improve the way in which products are grown to improve production and the product itself. For this reason, with the passage of time, new methods have been sought that currently play a very important role from a social and cultural point of view . At the beginning of the 21st century , the way in which agronomy is presented is mainly based on improving the productivity of inputs in society.

What is agronomy for

Agronomy is a science that serves to improve the quality of all processes related to the production and transformation of food , as well as all types of products that come from agriculture . It is functional to be able to carry out studies on the different chemical , biological, physical and even social and economic elements that can be part of the production process and also directly influence it. It also carries out a series of analyzes and studies regarding the intervention that man has within nature, seen as a being that possesses aagricultural productive purpose .

Branches

There are several branches that are included within the field of agronomies, these are:

  • Precision agriculture : this type of agriculture is based on the management of agricultural plots, mainly evaluating the variability of the field.
  • Livestock : it is a type of economic activity that implies the correct way to handle domestic animals with the aim of taking advantage of them later in the production of food and supplies.
  • Agricultural engineering : this branch gives the ability to develop, applying science and technology in the field of agricultural exploitation and that related to livestock.
  • Permaculture : analyzes the design of ecological engineering and also conducts studies on environmental designs through sustainable architecture and different agricultural systems.

Basic concepts

Among its basic concepts we can find plant breeding, which implies the ability to select the best plants that are capable of resisting different types of diseases in order to achieve better performance. The soil and its respective control is a basic concept within all practices related to agronomy. The sustainable production that adequately takes advantage of natural resources for products responsibly is one of the main concepts enclosing science.

Agronomy in the world

Argentina

In this country, agronomy focuses on properly understanding the forms of agricultural production from the social and economic point of view , while improving sustainability. It also conducts studies on the different types of animals and plants and on the composition of soils, including technological instruments to improve soil performance.

Mexico

In Mexico , the aim is to improve the entire agri-food sector through agronomy in order to boost the economic sector of society. It takes agriculture into account and the country has tried to introduce agricultural workers into the professional career because it is they who have in their hands to promote food security for the future. They also have several agricultural policies and the development of new technologies to be applied to the primary sector .

Spain

Agronomy experts use their chemical and agricultural knowledge to make decisions that include analytical information to improve monitoring and control procedures of plantations to analyze the water and nutrient needs of soils.

How it differs from agriculture

Although these two concepts are closely linked, they are different. The agriculture is mainly based on the study of different techniques that can be used by farmers and their knowledge to cultivate the land.  On the other hand, agronomy is a science whose primary goal is to improve the quality of agricultural production , but mainly using scientific and technological studies .

Importance

Agronomies is a science through which the efficiency of the means of agricultural production can be significantly increased and improved through the application of the knowledge and tools that science provides regarding the physiology of crops. It is important because thanks to it, it is possible to evaluate the intervention of man within nature to obtain products from the earth while increasing the production of soils , improving the production characteristics of plants and animals through a series of genetic or fertility modifications andfeeding .

It is undoubtedly one of the most important pillars of human life, especially because it is directly linked to food , it is the means by which the capacity to produce and process all foods can be increased, increasing considerably the quality of them.

Featured agronomists

Among the most prominent agronomists worldwide, the following people are mentioned:

  • Ricardo Rivero Torrez from Colombia .
  • Gilberto Palacios de la Rosa from Mexico.
  • Pedro from Colombia Neira from Colombia.

Books on agronomy

Some books that contain very good information on the branch of agronomy are:

  • JV Maroto’s history of agronomy .
  • Dictionary of agronomy by Enrique Sánchez-Monge.
  • Practical notions of agronomy by Luigi Corridoni.
  • Agronomy by Pablo Ceccon.

Examples

Among the most common examples of agronomy may be mentioned their involvement in food production in the proper use of natural resources and in seeking to achieve development that is sustainable . The solution of some economic , administrative and social problems in the area of ​​agriculture is also an example of agronomy. Finally, studies the best way to produce and transfer those skills that can improve productivity agrónoma on producers.

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