Adolfo Ruiz Cortines was an important politician of Mexican nationality who held the presidency of the country between 1952 and 1958 . His tenure represented a progressive turn against the conservatives who had previously been in charge of the country. His work and his efforts made it possible for Mexico to make great strides in public health and education .
- When was he born: 12/30/1889
- Where he was born: Veracruz, Mexico
- When he died: 12/03/1973
- Where he died: Veracruz, Mexico
Who was Adolfo Ruiz Cortines?
Adolfo Ruiz Cortines was a renowned Mexican politician who sought different ways to modernize his country through the implementation of more modern economic policies in order to balance private and public companies in the economy .
- What did
- Biography of Adolfo Ruiz Cortine
- Performance in the Mexican Revolution
- Political career
- Government of Adolfo Ruiz Cortine
- Economic model
- Social aspects
- What study
- What institutions did he create
- Contributions of Adolfo Ruiz Cortine
- Physical characteristics
- Curiosities about Adolfo Ruiz Cortine
During his government, Adolfo Ruiz Cortines managed to make great changes in the country. As president, he increased the speed with which the agrarian distribution was carried out, giving more peasants the opportunity to work the land. He notably improved the living conditions of rural populations and expropriated several large estates of foreigners. He managed to establish safer prices for the agricultural sector and with this, he also increased production. He was one of the main representatives in the fight against malaria . He also managed to increase oil production and focused on improving public education.
Biography of Adolfo Ruiz Cortine
He was born on December 30 of the year 1890 in the city of Veracruz , Mexico . After the death of his father, his family was plunged into poverty and for this reason, they had to move to live with his great-uncle who had an important role in his life as he was the main influence by which he learned to value the men who had participated in the Reformation.
His first studies were received at home by his mother and later he was able to enter to study his primary and secondary studies. When he turned 16, he could not continue studying because the family’s economic situation had worsened and he had to dedicate himself to work as an accountant .
Adolfo Ruiz Cortines died on December 3, 1973 when he was 83 years old due to heart failure and generalized arteriosclerosis . The morning of that day, she had felt some discomfort when she woke up and her feet were swollen as well as her abdomen. In the afternoon, his condition worsened significantly and for this reason, they called Dr. Mario Días Tejeda, who gave him various medications.
Performance in the Mexican Revolution
During the Mexican Revolution , he began to feel an interest in politics and in 1912 he decided to move to Veracruz where he experienced several historical events caused by the coup d’état by Victoriano Huertas . It was at this point that he decided to join the opponents of the government.
His political career began in Mexico City when he joined with Alfredo Robles Domínguez to fight against Victoriano Huerta . In 1914 he was appointed as governor of the Federal District and also held various public positions after constitutionalism triumphed. In 1944 he was elected as governor of the city of Veracruz and on June 30, 1946 he began his work in the Ministry of the Interior for Miguel Alemán. Shortly afterwards, he decided to start his campaign to occupy the position of President of the nation.
Government of Adolfo Ruiz Cortine
During his government, he focused primarily on establishing a series of social and political improvements based primarily on the country’s austerity. He tried to counteract the corruption that had been inherited from previous governments and created a reform in the Constitution with the aim of being able to give women political rights . This is how women had their first participation in the elections for the first time in the history of Mexico.
He also modified one of the articles of the Constitution to be able to punish the monopolies that profited from the products that were considered as basic necessities . He devised various means by which he was able to fight against inflation and improve public finances , including a significant cut in public spending .
He had to face different social movements and invasions of states in the northern part of the country, mainly due to problems related to the large estates , as a result of this, he decided to expropriate some lands to distribute them among the agriculture and with this he was able to solve the problems. He maintained good relations with the United States and fought to prevent the passage of illegals into the country.
Regarding its economic model, it was based on promoting the growth of the economy and increasing and improving the development of industries . It sought ways to avoid credits to foreign countries and began its policy of ” stabilizing development ” with the aim of being able to maintain prices that were stable to improve capital through the application of the fiscal extension.
In the social field, article 28 of the Constitution was modified, through which it was possible to increase controls over workers. A labor organization called the Revolutionary Confederation of Workers and Peasants was also created to improve and support agrarian programs. They created several programs of social welfare in rural areas in order to improve the lives of its inhabitants. The Hospital Center was built and everything related to public health was improved .
Adolfo Ruiz Cortines completed primary studies at the Jesuit College , which was directed by the priest Jerónimo Días. Later he entered the Veracruzano Institute where he studied for several years until obtaining his baccalaureate .
His ideology was centered on the ideas of the Industrial Revolutionary Party which was a mixture of thoughts that had left – wing ideals .
What institutions did he create
Among the institutions he created are the following:
- National Savings Board.
- Guarantee and Development Fund.
- Rural Social Welfare Program.
- National Institute of Housing.
- National Nuclear Energy Commission .
Contributions of Adolfo Ruiz Cortine
Among his main contributions are the following:
- He founded the National Savings Board .
- Created a complete Rural Social Welfare program .
- He founded the Department for Technical Studies .
- He established the irrigation system.
- He constitution of such premises to allow women had the municipal and electoral participation.
- It eliminated monopolies and increased the promotion of agriculture .
- It extended the social security for all the inhabitants of the country.
There is no documented exact physical description of Adolfo Ruiz.
Adolfo Ruiz was characterized for having an honest personality , for being a very disciplined man and for being very effective in everything he did and proposed. He was a determined man with good ideas which he applied in his government.
Adolfo Ruiz Cortines’s father was named Adolfo Ruiz Tejeda, he passed away a few months before his son was born. His mother, María Cortines y Cotera .
He married Lucía Carrillo Gutiérrez , on December 31, 1915. He divorced his first wife and in 1941 he married María Izaguirre for the second time .
With his wife he had four children: Adolfo, Flor, María Cristina and Lucía .
Adolfo Ruiz Cortines is recognized and remembered mainly for having fought and granted the right to vote to women . In addition, he carried out many works for the benefit of public health , notably improving the condition of the country and its inhabitants. It also implemented several economic measures by means of which it was possible to establish a correct balance between the companies and this improved the economic aspect of the nation.
In his honor, the Adolfo Ruiz Cortines Medal is awarded to those who have fought to maintain the civic values of the country.
His most remembered famous phrase read the following:
- Do you want me to rule you or to be a stud?
Curiosities about Adolfo Ruiz Cortine
His favorite hobby was playing dominoes and he even participated in competitions related to the game. He was on the side of the Constitutionalists during the Mexican Revolution and was a lover of numbers.