Administration History


Administration is a very extensive science that is responsible for the study of all types of private and public organizations as well as a series of possible strategies to achieve better planning, coordination and control for a good management of resources. Its history is quite old and basically exists since the human being began to use his reasoning capacity to make better decisions and to plan actions.


What is the history of the administration?

The history of the administration is a story that explains the way in which the man used reasoning to be able to define tasks , establish leaders , make good decisions , carry out planning and carry out activities that allowed him to achieve a common objective.



The antecedents of the history of the administration begin in ancient civilizations , practically since the human being exists on earth who must have opted for practices that allowed them to cover all their needs in order to survive, so they chose to carry out a specific organization , define a series of rules and protect your resources. As time went by, populations began to be created that specialized in the subject.


Many antecedents have been found in the Sumerian people and their administrative thinking, mainly when Solomon established trade agreements, for construction and various treaties to achieve peace, they also managed to distribute resources and profits equitably among the population. It was with this civilization that the antecedents for tax control were established thanks to the invention of writing.

The Egyptians also played a part in the administration’s antecedents when Hammurabi succeeded in creating various mercantile laws, for loans, partnerships, and economic agreements. They recorded all transactions on tablets and also began the delegation of responsibilities. The Hammurabi Code is then one of the most relevant antecedents in the history of this science. In China , studies were also conducted on organization, direction and control to improve efficiency and resource control techniques.

Origin of administration

The origin of the administration is very old and starts at the precise moment when men started using logical reasoning to delimit to their tasks and to achieve manage in a more effective all both activities social and commercial and policies . However, it took a long time for management to be seen as a true science, and today it has taken on special interest and relevance.


The evolution of the administration is based on a series of important changes that have occurred over time that made cultures have the ability to create more hierarchical systems as well as divisions of power in terms of economy and society. In the Middle Ages, many conquests that were previously planned and cautiously organized were achieved, achieving success.

The presence and invention of new ideas and machines with the passage of time completely revolutionized the world and with it, greater measures were taken to achieve better administration in all fields. The need to analyze the advantages and disadvantages , the tools to achieve adequate divisions of work and the resolution of problems that were related to industrial activity gave way to administration as a science that evolved more and more every day.


At present, the term administration is completely associated with the humanist society that seeks to find a better development and new techniques that can be applied to a series of different contexts, such as society, companies, educational systems and even religion . Today, it encompasses an extremely broad and somewhat complex field of study, but it is always necessary for success.

Currently, for the administration to function properly it is necessary the presence of a whole work team headed by a manager who is capable of having, in addition to a firm hand, a good sense of the organization so that he can carry out the separation of responsibilities Correctly. The current administrator must maintain an adequate balance between all the elements that make up a company, whether internal or external, in order to comply with the demands that modernity implies.

Stages in the history of the administration

The stages through which the administration passed to reach what we know today were the following:

  • Ancient civilizations : with the appearance of man on earth, the first stage of the life of the administration occurred. At this stage they began to organize work and create codes for good administration.
  • Greco-Roman antiquity : it was mostly marked by slavery , the military , politics and society . The economy was also given great importance.
  • Middle Ages : its main point related to the administration was the appearance of feudalism . Guilds and workshops began to be created and new ways of achieving good administration were sought.
  • Modern age : it is between the fifteenth century and the eighteenth century, at which time several important movements emerged such as capitalism and when it began to pay salaries to employees. The creation of workshops increased notably, however, even at this date the administration was old and discontinued.
  • Industrial Revolution : with the arrival of this revolution , steam engines also appeared , which considerably increased all industrial trade and great changes in production began to be generated.
  • 21st century : with the arrival of technology , the processes related to information made companies begin to globalize, creating at the same time greater competition and different management styles. The administration had a very important growth during this time and the changes were notable and very positive.


Administration is a very important science because its main objective is to be able to study the way in which different organizations , companies or corporations that offer a service are founded in order to be able to create different tools and techniques that allow improving in a way remarkable everything related to operational resources . It is in charge of being able to handle all the human , financial , technology , material and knowledge aspects that put and keep a company going.

It is also a science that has the ability to create and execute knowledge appropriately in order to achieve greater benefits in terms of administration. It makes all the efforts made in human beings more effective and allows organizations and companies to grow in a positive way. The information obtained from good administration is of utmost importance, especially in the field of human resources, aspects that are necessary to be able to maintain a good business organization .

In addition, it is important because through it the expenses of an organization can be considerably reduced , ensuring that there is good control of both economic and human resources . Finally, it is essential to be able to measure the good performance of the company and the people who work in it.

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